Historical Background

Established on July 1, 1960, the Federal Republic of Somalia has consistently upheld the pillars of peaceful coexistence, mutual respect, and non-interference in the internal affairs of other nations as foundational elements of its foreign policy.

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation serves as a dynamic reflection of Somalia’s identity, acting as a conduit to the global community. It articulates the thoughts and vision of Somalia’s leadership, championing the values of peaceful coexistence while extending assistance to those in need. Additionally, the Ministry underscores the significance of achieving global peace and resolving international disputes through dialogue and legal arbitration.

Operating through its embassies and diplomatic missions worldwide, the Ministry acts as the crucial link between Somalia’s leadership, its people, and the global community. By fostering closer ties with other nations, the Ministry diligently works to safeguard Somali interests, promote economic and cultural development, and contribute to global peace. These endeavors have garnered respect for Somali citizens globally and elevated Somalia’s image on both regional and international platforms.

The Ministry, in accordance with the Provisional Constitution of the Federal Republic of Somalia and federal laws, as well as per Cabinet Resolution on organizational structure, carries out various responsibilities. These include:

  1. Formulating the nation’s foreign policy, overseeing its implementation, and collaborating with relevant authorities.
  2. Supervising all aspects of foreign relations, encompassing the organization of the country’s participation in various organizations, conferences, and exhibitions.
  3. Safeguarding the interests of the nation and its citizens abroad.
  4. Negotiating and entering into agreements and conventions to which the country is committed.
  5. Collecting, analyzing, and evaluating political and economic information, facilitating communication among the country’s ministries, related departments, and various governmental bodies.
  6. Enhancing the country’s image and promoting its values and policies.
  7. Managing all ceremonies and formalities for missions representing the nation.
  8. Approving the issuance and renewal of diplomatic and service passports for diplomats, senior government officials, and civil servants.
  9. Handling the issuance and renewal of ordinary passports for Somali citizens residing abroad through embassies and consulates general.
  10. Granting visas for entry into the country or transit, whether on ordinary or diplomatic passports.
  11. Compiling and providing diplomatic, consular, administrative, and financial information to support the tasks of the country’s representative missions and overseeing the diplomatic and consular missions of the nation.

Aligned with the UN Conventions and internationally recognized morals and ethics, Somalia’s foreign policy seeks to support its primary agenda, legitimate Arab and Islamic issues, and foster collaboration with all nations. This approach, grounded in principles of legitimate rights, justice, and peace, has propelled Somalia to remarkable success on the international stage, emphasizing the country’s commitment to being an advocate for global peace as an urgent necessity for humanity.

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