The Federal Republic of Somalia operates under a federal system of governance, with powers and roles defined by the Provisional Constitution. The administration is characterized by a federal government, federal member states, and the Benadir Regional Administration (BRA). The collaborative efforts of these entities are crucial for the effective functioning of the nation, with various institutions working in harmony to address national and regional challenges.
Leadership and Executive Branch
H.E. Dr. Hassan Sheikh Mohamud is the incumbent President of the Federal Republic of Somalia. His election on May 15, 2022, by the Federal Parliament marked the beginning of a four-year presidential term.
President Dr. Hassan Sheikh Mohamud nominated H.E. Mr. Hamza Abdi Barre as the Prime Minister of the Federal Government of Somalia on June 15, 2022. Subsequently, the Parliament confirmed the appointment, solidifying Mr. Barre’s role as the Prime Minister.
The Federal Republic of Somalia is structured into federal government, federal member states and the Benadir Regional Administration. These entities, each with its own defined powers, play a vital role in the governance and development of the nation. The Provisional Constitution outlines the specific powers and responsibilities of the federal government, federal member states, and the Benadir Regional Administration.
The governance structure of Somalia is notably marked by the synergistic collaboration between the federal government and the federal member states. This collaborative spirit extends across both federal and state levels, where a multitude of institutions, including agencies, ministries, courts, and local government municipalities, work in harmony. Their collective efforts are geared towards addressing the diverse needs and challenges that the nation faces, showcasing a holistic approach to governance.
This collaborative governance model is designed to ensure a cohesive and concerted strategy for addressing national issues, promoting cooperation among the diverse levels of government. Through this approach, the efficient implementation of policies, successful execution of development initiatives, and the amicable resolution of conflicts are facilitated. The synergy among these institutions contributes to the establishment of an effective and inclusive governance system, capable of addressing challenges seamlessly across different tiers.